Geology of Britain (I)

After one year without writing, today I am posting from Manchester.

The mountain and Geology are my passion. I started discovering The Peak District and surroundings.

Hope Valley (Hope-Lose Hill- Holling Cross-Mam Tor-Castleton-Hope)

We could see the Peak district´s 350-million-year-old geological story. Derbyshire is divided into two general Geological regions. To the south “White Peak” comprises mostly Carboniferous limestones and to the north is mainly shales and sandstones known as “gritstone”. Hence, In the first section from Hope to Mam Tor Peak, we could see the shale and sandstone heights of Mam Tor (the Mother Mountain). Mam Tor has excellent viewpoint shows ancient landslips.

Cross Section Southern Peak District





It is possible to see landslides from the heights. The biggest, the Mam Tor landslide is a kilometre‐long feature in shales and sandstones. The initial slope failure occurred over 4000 years ago as a rotational landslide that developed into a large debris flow at its toe.


When we came back to Hope, overlook the geologically older limestone “White Peak”. We went down through an impressive Gorge to headed Castleton. Castleton village was at the bottom of a deep lagoon in Carboniferous times.
White Peak

It has an intricate series of small caverns, known as “pipes” were created by the natural process of “karst” cavern formation. In Castleton, there are a group of visitable caverns. One of them is called Blue John Cavern. It is home to eight of the fourteen known varieties of Blue-John Stone, a beautiful and ornamental fluor-spar.

We did a break in George pub in Castleton ann then we carried on to Hope crossing fields and doors.

Monsal Trail -Miller`s Dale-Bakewell-

The Monsal Trail is a former railway from the 18th century. The line closed in 1968. You can pass through 3 tunnels. The line cutting is part the Way Valley Site of Special Scientific Interest. The rocks were formed about 330-340 million years ago during the Carboniferous Period when a shallow tropical sea covered much of Britain. Most of the rocks are limestones. Volcanic rocks also occur. The Volcanic rocks are mostly basaltic lavas and chemically altered volcanic ash.

Volcanic Rocks
Monsal Trail

New year`s resolution

Firstly, I considered that the new resolution could start at any time. Every day is perfect to start a new purpose.

It is common  when we begin a new year to make new resolutions. Three weeks later we give them up. But Why?

The worst enemy is between our ears.

The most important thing is the will. To Acquire any difficult habit  we need to make an effort  and to make an effort is sometimes  very hard sometimes. It is necessary to leave our comfort zone.

Also it is very hard maintaining the pace and turning the resolution in a habit and reality.

Achieving  a goal requires you to take determined action to became true and persistent.

We manage goals with practice, repetition and training. In conclusion I am going to refer a quote I heard some time ago: Training is unfairly painful.

Leading at the edge (II)

In 1914, Ernest Shackleton embarked on an adventure to cross time Antarctica for the fist time. This extraordinary expedition has been chronicled by many authors to represent a story of survival. Shipwrecked because of the ice pressure.Crew lost in the middle of Weddel Sea. Men struggle with the cold for many months fight against cold, hungry and discouragement, at the limit of human capabilities in extreme  situations.

His successful bid to reach help in an open boat from remote South Atlantics whaling station and rescue his men was a stunning feat of leadership.

However, day by day on this anguished adventure, Shackelton led his team giving them an example of courage and creativity. His behaviour shows a lesson of leadership has great  value in today`s world when the situation on the edge is so common.

Then, here it is ten strategies of Dennis N.T Perkins author of “Leading at the edge. Leadership lessons from the Extraordinary Saga of Shackleton’s Antartic Expedition

1.- Vision and quick victories.

Never lose sight of the ultimate goal and focus energy on short term objectives.

2.- Symbolism and personal example.

Set a personal example with visible memorable symbols and behaviour.

3.- Optimism and reality.

Instill optimism and self-confidence but stay grounded in reality.

4.- Stamina

Take care of yourself: Maintain your stamina and let go of guilt.

5.- The team message.

Reinforce the team message constantly: “We are -we live or die together”

6.- Core team values.

Minimize status differences and insist on courtesy and mutual respect.

7.- Conflict.

Master conflict: Deal with anger in small doses, engage dissidents and avoid needless power struggles.

8.- Lighten up!

Find something to celebrate and something to laugh about.

9.- Risk.

Be willing to take the Big Risk

10.- Tenacious creativity

Never give up, there`s always another move.